In 1890, a Shakespeare guild of NYC released 60 mating pairs of starlings to Central Park from England. Their goal was to introduce the birds from Shakespeare's writings, so that when they performed his plays in the park, the birds from his writings would be in the trees around them. English majors aren't necessarily ornithologists. Birds migrate, and aren't bound to a specific area over time. Forever the opportunists, over the course of the next 50 years as they spread across the country, starlings pushed many native birds out of their habitats forever. A communal, highly intelligent and historically opportunistic species, starlings represent Americans in my paintings.